On Friday, Google with a doodle is celebrating English Haematologist Lucy Wills’ 131st birth anniversary. She was the pioneer of medical research, and her analysis of prenatal anaemia has changed the face of preventive prenatal care for women across the globe.

Lucy Wills was born on May 10 in 1888. She attended the Cheltenham College for Young Ladies, which was one of the first English boarding schools to skill girl students in mathematics and science. In the year 1911, Ms. Wills earned the first honors in botany and Geology from Newnham College, Cambridge University. It is followed by the London School of Medicine for Women, the first school in the United Kingdom to skill female doctors.

Ms. Wills travelled to India to probe a severe form of life-threatening anaemia, which mostly affects pregnant textile workers in Mumbai.  

During her experiments, the English Haematologist has attempted to prevent anaemia by adding yeast extract to the diet of monkeys and rats via consuming the popular breakfast spread Marmite.

Later, the extract was identified as folic acid, which will improve the health of monkeys – a discovery named the “Wills Factor”.  

Now, folic acid is recommended to pregnant women, with other necessary nutrients such as B12 and Iron, for the prenatal prevention of anaemia and other circumstances.  

Lucy Wills has spent the remainder of her life by travelling and researching the impact nutrition has on pregnancy, before she took her last breath on 16 April, 1964.

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