Kochi: Recently, the scientist has revealed that the warming of the Indian Ocean at a fast pace owing to climate change poses a threat to the multi-million dollar blue of India. It further mentioned that during the opening session of a ‘ Winter School on Climate Change in marine Fisheries being organized by the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute in the city. Though the climate change is affecting fisheries through in stock productivity and its distribution.
While inaugurating the 21-day school, A Ramachandran the Vice-Chancellor of Kerala University of Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies has said that the change in climate change is causing floods and drought across the globe. He added that the increased water temperature and higher carbon dioxide concentration make the ocean more acidic.
The Vice-Chancellor also said that there would be a drop in productivity of marine species as there was a gradual damage being caused to the ecosystem and biodiversity. A commitment of the stakeholders and coordinate efforts were required for the growth of the blue economy in a sustainable way.
A Gopalakrishnan The Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Indian Ocean is warming at 0.11C per decade faster than the Atlantic (0.07C) and the Pacific (0.05C) and the temperature of the sea surface of the Indian Ocean would increase by 0.60 by 2050. He also described that the “ Indian marine fish harvesting is more eco-friendly than the global scenario. Our marine fisheries are emitting 17.5 percent fewer carbon footprints than the global average when it comes material involved in the fishery.”
Gopalakrishnan has also mentioned that “ The institute has cataloged resource-wise information and the institute was in the process of predicting fish biomass changes in Indian oceans in future. It has also prepared adaptation strategies to climate change with action plan and research on estimating the primary productivity of Indian exclusive economic zone (EEZ) for assessing the carrying capacity in Indian waters with respect to climate change was also underway.
On the other end, P U Zacharia the Course Director of the Winter School and Head of the Demersal, Fisheries division of the marine fisheries research Institute has said that the country experienced 24 extreme climatic events around the Indian coasts resulting in loss of life and property. He said that “estimates of climate change impact is essential to devise climate change policies and suggest adaptation and mitigation measures”