Today, Google marks the winter solstice- the shortest day and longest night of the year, with a Doodle. This phenomenon takes places twice in a year when one of the Earth’s poles has its maximum tilt away from the Sun.
The word “solstice” comes for the Latin word ‘solstitium’, which means “sun stands still” when the “movement of the Sun’s path” briefly stops. The day and timing of the solstice vary each year.
Solstice is also termed as midwinter, which occurs twice in a year, once in each hemisphere.
The Southern Hemisphere it is the June solstice and the Northern Hemisphere it’s December solistice.
In Northern Hemisphere, the phenomena occur when the Sun is directly over the Tropic of Capricorn, located at 23.5° South of the Equator. This tilt in Earth’s axis of rotation gives distinct parts of the planet more exposure to the Sun at distinct times of the year.
The Earth’s the North Pole in December turns away from the Sun, gives the Southern Hemisphere the most sunlight of the year.
During Stonehenge, people come together to capture and celebrate the time when the Sun directly aligns with the famous stone.
Ireland people gather days before the solistice at Newgrange- a massive gravesite that is more than 5000-years old. The crowd waits for long to see the sunrise light up the ancient passage tomb.
People of China refers solstice as Dongzhi Festival, which local people enjoys rice balls meaning “family reunion”. This festival is believed to bring unity and prosperity- something all enjoys on this rosy day.